By Teaching Centre Academic Team

11 de April de 2021 - 16:01

Joven practicando el verbo to be en su computador con nuestro cursos de inglés online

 

El verbo to be es uno de los verbos más importantes del inglés y también un concepto que depende del contexto en el que se encuentre. Para hacerte más fácil aprenderlo te daremos esta guía con sus usos y conjugaciones.

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Los significados del verbo to be

Debes saber que cuando lees, escribes o escuchas inglés, el contexto te dará el significado correcto que pueden tener los verbos en inglés:

Ser I am Canadian Soy canadiense
Estar She is at the hospital Ella está en el hospital
Haber Is there anything in the car? ¿Hay algo en el auto?

¿Cómo usar el verbo to be correctamente?

Conocer los diferentes significados es muy importante, así que ahora veremos los principales usos del verbo to be.

  • Uso del verbo to be como verbo.

Establece esos estados o acciones que inciden en el sujeto de la oración y se usan en cualquier tiempo verbal.

I am an adult Soy un adulto
He was a soloist Él era solista
  • Usos de to be como verbo auxiliar

De esta forma, debe acompañarse de otros verbos que le permitan manifestar estados o acciones que suceden en el mismo momento o en cierto lapso temporal. No olvides adicionar –ing al final del verbo principal o la forma adecuada según el tiempo.

He is dancing Él está bailando.

Las conjugaciones del verbo to be en inglés

Encuentra en los siguientes cuadros el tiempo (presente, pasado, futuro y condicional) y forma (afirmativa, negativa e interrogativa) en que se puede conjugar el verbo to be en inglés. Aprende de los ejemplos y practica.

Presente

El verbo to be en presente

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
I am I am not Am I?
You are You are not Are you?
He is He is not Is he?
She is She is not Is she?
It is It is not is it?
We are We are not Are we?
They are They are not Are they?

Oraciones de ejemplo con el verbo to be en presente: 

  • She is left handed  =  Ella es zurda
  • We are not on the same level  =  No estamos en el mismo nivel
  • Is it the right place?  =  ¿Es el lugar correcto?

 

Presente Perfecto

Verbo to be en presente perfecto 

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
I have been I have not been Have I been?
You have been You have not been Have you been?
He has been He has not been Has he been?
She has been She has not been Has she been?
It has been It has not been Has it been?
We have been We have not been Have we been?
They have been They have not been Have they been?

Por ejemplo: 

  • She has been writing all day  =  Ella ha estado escribiendo todo el día
  • We have not been formally introduced  =  No hemos sido presentados formalmente
  • Have I been rude?  =  ¿He sido grosero?

 

Pasado

Pasado simple  del verbo to be

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
I was I was not Was I?
You were You were not Were you?
He was He was not Was he?
She was She was not Was she?
It was It was not Was it?
We were We were not Were we?
They were They were not Were they?

Oraciones con el pasado del verbo to be:

  • I was tired  =  Estaba cansado
  • He was not there  =  Él no estaba allí
  • Was he at the meeting?  =  ¿Estaba él en la reunión?

 

Pasado Perfecto

Pasado perfecto  del verbo to be

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
I had been I had not been Had I been?
You had been You had not been Had you been?
He had been He had not been Had he been?
She had been She had not been Had she been?
It had been It had not been Had it been?
We had been We had not been Had we been?
They had been They had not been Had they been?

Para apoyar el contexto de estas oraciones siempre habrá un complemento para el verbo to be. 

Por ejemplo:

  • She had been crying since this morning until she fell asleep =  Ella había estado llorando desde la mañana hasta que se quedó dormida
  • They had not been to South Korea before their son invited them to visit the country =  Ellos no habían estado en Corea del Sur antes de que su hijo los invitara a visitar el país
  • Had I been there before I went with my wife?  =  ¿Había estado allí antes de que fuera con mi esposa?

 

Futuro Simple

Futuro simple del verbo to be

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
Will be I will not be Will I be?
You will be You will not be Will you be?
He will be He will not be Will he be?
She will be She will not be Will she be?
It will be It will not be Will it be?
We will be We will not be Will we be?
They will be They will not be Will they be?

Oraciones de ejemplo usando el verbo to be en futuro:

  • She will be the best teacher  =  Ella será la mejor profesora
  • They will not be forgotten  =  Ellos no serán olvidados
  • Will you be there?  =  ¿Estarás allí?

Futuro Perfecto

Futuro perfecto  del verbo to be

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
I will have been I will not have been Will I have been?
You will have been You will not have been Will you have been?
He will have been He will not have been Will he have been?
She will have been She will not have been Will she have been?
It will have been It will not have been Will it have been?
We will have been We will not have been Will we have been?
They will have been They will not have been Will they have been?

La particularidad de este tipo de oraciones es que presentan situaciones o acciones que ocurren en secuencia.

Por ejemplo: 

  • She will have been reading the book by the sunset  =  Ella habrá estado leyendo el libro para el momento del atardecer
  • We will have not been married for 8 years until 2020  =  No habremos estado casados durante 8 años hasta el 2020
  • Will we have been prepared for the opening by this year?  =  ¿Nos habremos preparado para la inauguración este año?

 

Condicional

Condicional  del verbo to be

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
I would be I would not be Would I be?
You would be You would not be Would you be?
He would be He would not be Would he be?
She would be She would not be Would she be?
It would be It would not be Would it be?
We would be We would not be Would we be?
They would be They would not be Would they be?

Ejemplos del verbo to be en condicional:

  • She would be a great queen =  Ella sería una gran reina
  • It would not be possible =  Eso no sería posible
  • Would they be a couple ? =  ¿Ellos serían pareja?

 

Condicional perfecto

Condicional perfecto del verbo to be

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
I would have been I would not have been Would I have been?
You would have been You would not have been Would you have been?
He would have been He would not have been Would he have been?
She would have been She would not have been Would she have been?
It would have been It would not have been Would it have been?
We would have been We would not have been Would we have been?
They would have been They would not have been Would they have been?

Por ejemplo: 

  • She would have been living there if she had enough money =  Habría estado viviendo allí si tuviera suficiente dinero
  • I would not have been so sad if you were with me  =  No hubiera estado tan triste si estuvieras conmigo
  • Would you have been polite if the fight hadn’t happened?  =  ¿Habrías sido educado si la pelea no hubiera sucedido

Otros artículos para aprender inglés: